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Andhra Pradesh Static Gk for Competitive exams

Know your state Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is the southeastern coastal state of India. It is the seventh largest state in area wise. In this article we will know about the basic but very useful facts and Knowledge about the state of Andhra Pradesh. It will be very helpful for the Andhra Pradesh state static Gk for the competitive exams of the Andhra Pradesh State and the central exams like SSC, Railways, Banking exams.

It is the latest and updated article on the state of Andhra Pradesh, complete state static Gk. This series of articles is titled as Know your state. We will cover all the states of India in it.

Basic Knowledge about Andhra Pradesh

  • Statehood: 1 November 1956
  • Capital :Visakhapatnam (executive capital), Kurnool (judicial capital, Amaravati (legislative capital.)
  • Number of District : 26, 13 district were added recently
  • Language : Telugu
  • Population Density: 308
  • Literacy Rate : 67.02%
  • Sex Ratio : 993/1000
  • First Governor: Sri C.M. Trivedi
  • Present Governor: Biswabhusan Harichandan
  • First Chief Minister : Dr. Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
  • Chief Minister: Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
  • High court: Andhra Pradesh High Court
  • Chief Justice: Prashant Kumar Mishra
  • Members of the Legislative Assembly: 175
  • Lok Sabha Seats : 25
  • Rajya Sabha Seats : 11

State Symbols

  • The State Animal – Blackbuck
  • The State Bird – Rose ring parakeet
  • The State Flower – Jasmine 
  • The State Tree – Neem

History of Andhra Pradesh

In the Medieval India this region was ruled by the powerful empires of “Vijayanagar Empire”.

After India’s independence in 1947, Nizam of Hederabad was forced  to merge with the Indian Union.

The state of Hyderabad was hence captured as per diplomacy of Ballabh Bhao Patel on 17 September 1948 by military operation named “Operation Polo”.

Andhra Pradesh is the first Indian state of free India which was formed on a purely linguistic basis in 1953.

Geography of Andhra Pradesh

  • Andhra Pradesh has the second longest coastline after Gujarat.
  • The highest peak is Arma Konda which rises 1680 m above sea level. This is not only the highest peak of Andhra Pradesh but also of Eastern ghats.
  • Krishna and Godavari are the major rivers of Andhra Pradesh.
  • This state is eight largest by Area and tenth largest state in respect of population.
  • Anantapur is the largest district of Andhra Pradesh by area. East Godavari district is largest by population.

Boundaries

The state is bordered by Telangana in the north-west, Chhattisgarh and Odisha in the north-east, Karnataka in the west, Tamil Nadu in the south.

Major Dams in Andhra Pradesh

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam: Nagarjuna Sagar Dam built across the Krishna river forming a boundary between Telangana and Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh state.

Srisailam Dam: Srisailam Dam constructed on the Krishna river at the border of Telangana and Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh.

Prakasam Barrage: Prakasham Barrage across the Krishna river is located at the outskirts of Vijayawada in Krishna district and the barrage also serves as a road bridge over a lake.

Dowleswaram Barrage: Dowleswaram Barrage across the Godavari river in Dowleswaram was built on the last stretch of the Godavari before it empties into the Bay of Bengal.

Polavaram Dam: Polavaram Dam across the Godavari river is a multi-purpose irrigation project under construction in Andhra Pradesh.

Jalaput Dam: Jalaput Dam is built across the Machkund river near the border of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh in Visakhapatnam district.

Tatipudi Dam: Tatipudi Dam and Reservoir is located in Tatipudi of Vizianagaram and major source of drinking water supply to the city of Visakhapatnam.

Lakes

  • Kolleru lake
  • Pulicat lake

General Facts of Andhra Pradesh

  • The vegetation found in the state is large of dry deciduous types with a mixture of teak, Terminalia, Dalbergia, Pterocarpus, Anogeissus, etc.
  • The estuaries of river Godavari and Krishna support rich mangrove forests with fishing cats and otters as keystone species.
  • The Minister of Tourism and Culture has issued a declaration of the Telugu language as a Classical Language.
  • The famous Ongole Bull looks similar to Nandi, the vehicle of Lord Shiva.
  • It’s said all the stone sculptures of Nandi in all temples are modelled after the Ongole Bull.
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre, located on the banks of Sriharikota in the Nellore District is one of the main attractions of the state.
  • Telugu, the official language of Andhra Pradesh, was described by Englishmen as the”Italian of the East ” for its sweetness.
  • Andhra Pradesh is also called as Ratna Garbha of India. Its resources are estimated to be 110 M tonnes of industrial grade minerals and 200 M tonnes of building materials.
  • The famous diamonds Kohinoor and Pitt came from the mines of Golconda.
  • Tummalpalle mines are a rich source of Uranium. In India Andhra Pradesh is the highest producer of Uranium.
  • Mallikarjuna Swamy temple of Srisailam (Kurnool district) is one of the twelve Jyotirlings of Shiva.
  • Mogalarajapuram caves of Vijayawada containing idols of shiva and vinayaka are good historic tourist spots.
  • The magnificent Falaknuma palace of Hyderabad was built by Nawab Viqar-ul-Umra in 1893. It was later turned into a luxury hotel.

Dances form of Andhra Pradesh

Ghatna Mardala, Natakam, The Lambadi, Kolatam, Burrakatha, Dappu Dance, Buttabommalu, Tappeta Gullu, Kuchipudi, Bhamakalapam, Veeranatyam.

Festival in Andhra Pradesh

Brahmotsavam :  It is a nine days long festival celebrated at the Venkateswara Temple, Tirupati.

Ugadi : Telugu New Year

Dasara: It celebrated the victory of good over evil.

Makar Sankranti : It is celebrated when the Sun transits from the Capricorn.

Important National Park and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Andhra Pradesh

  • Sri Venkateswara National Park
  • Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
  • Mrugavani National Park
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park
  • Mouling National Park
  • Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kolleru Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nelapattu Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam) Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary

Why is Andhra Pradesh Famous?

Famous Places of Andhra Pradesh

  • Rajahmundry city, located on the banks of Godavari River is one of the main attractions of the state.
  • Sriharikota, located in the Nellore District is one of the main attractions of the state.
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre, located on the banks of Sriharikota in the Nellore District is one of the main attractions of the state.
  • Talakona city, located on the banks of Chittoor District is one of the main attractions of the state.
  • Mypadu beach in Nellore.
  • Borra caves in Ananthagiri hills near Visakhapatnam.
  • Belum caves in Kurnool district-second largest natural caves on the Indian subcontinent.

GI Tags of Andhra Pradesh

Srikalahasti Kalamkari, Kondapalli Bommalu, Shadow Puppets, Bobbili Veena, Tirupati Laddu, Venkatagiri Sarees.

Famous persons of Andhra Pradesh

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan second president of India and Bharat Ratna Award Winner.

Sarojini Naidu – freedom fighter and poet; Bengali, married to a Telugu person.

Tanguturi Prakasam – known as “Andhra Kesari”

Alluri Sita Rama Raju – revolutionary, freedom fighter, led the Rampa Rebellion, Viplava Jyoti.

Potti Sreeramulu – a revolutionary, fasted to death in protest for separate Andhra Pradesh

Pingali Venkayya – designed the Indian national flag

Puchalapalli Sundaraiah – a founding member of Communist Party in India.

Andhra Pradesh Static Gk will be updated regularly to kindly visit this blog, and check for any changes or current affairs of Andhra Pradesh.

Andhra Pradesh Static GK Pdf

Andhra Pradesh static Gk pdf, you can download from the given below link. This pdf will help in revision of the all the competitive exams of Andhra Pradesh like, AP TET 2022 and APPSC Jr Asst, Health Medical & Family Welfare Department Andhra Pradesh will are the on going exams.

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