Mineral in India, is blessed with a lot of minerals all over it. It has a rich variety of Mineral resources due to its geographical structure. The mineral resources provide industrial and economical development. In this blog we shall discuss the various types of minerals found in different regions of India.
Most of the minerals are found over the peninsular plateau region, like about 97% of coal are found in the Chhotanagpur plateau. Petroleum reserves are found in the basins of Assam, Gujarat and Mumbai high offshore region in the Arabian sea.
This information about different types of minerals and their production is discussed. This can be helpful for the aspirent, preparing for the government exams like UPSC or State PSC, SSC, Railway.
This topic is part of Geography and General Knowledge. By the end of this topic you will learn about mineral deposits found in different regions of India. And which state and country is the highest producer of that particular mineral.
Minerals found in India
India has huge deposits of iron-ore, Jharkhand, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Iron-ore is found in the mines at Singhbhum in Jharkhand and Mayurbhanj in Odisha. Big steel Plants at Jamshedpur, Bhilai, Bokar, Durgapur, Rourkela and Bhadravati.
It is known as ‘Black Diamond’. Products like nylon, chemicals,dyes, Drugs and perfumes are obtained from the distillation of coal. Coal is found in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Damodar Valley, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Jharia in Jharkhand and Raniganj in West Bengel are the largest coal mines in India. Other coal mines are located at Sohagpur(Madhya Pradesh), Dhanbad (Jharkhand), Neyveli (Tamil Nadu)and Singarani (Andhra Pradesh)
Petroleum is known as ‘Black Gold’. Petroleum is found at Digboi in Assam, Ankaleshwar and Kalol in Gujarat and Bombay High off the shore of Bombay.
Manganese is used in the manufacture of steel. India is one of the largest producers of manganese in the world. It is found in Odisha, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
India is the largest producer of mica in the world. Its huge deposits are found in Gaya, Monghyr and Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand. Mica is also found in large quantities in Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. A large quantity of mica is exported to other countries.
It is a light but hard metal. The ore from which aluminium is known as bauxite. Huge deposits of bauxite are found in Odisha, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
It is a good conductor of electricity. It is alloyed with zinc to form brass and with tin to form bronze. It occurs in small quantities in India. It is found at Khetri in Rajasthan. Some copper had been found in Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Gold is produced from the mines at Kolar and Hutti in Karnataka and Anantapur in Andhra Pradesh.
Diamonds are found in the mines at Panna in Madhya Pradesh.
Minerals of India map
Mineral and their top Producer
|Mineral||Top Producer state in India||Top Producer Country|
|Manganese||Madhya Pradesh||South Africa|