National park and wildlife sanctuary are created to protect the habitats of conservation rliant species.Here animals are taken care of and allowed to live peacefully in their natural habitats.Their surroundings are protected from any sort of disturbance.
Wildlife Sanctuaries are famous for the conservation of wildlife, which includes animals, insects, microorganisms, birds, etc. of different genes and species. On the other hand, National Parks are highly known preserving the flora, fauna, landscape and historical objects.
India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species.. Human activities are allowed to a limited extent in the wildlife sanctuaries, but in case of national parks, they are strictly prohibited by the authorities.
It is very Important Topic for various exam like SSC, Railway and other State PCS exam .In this blog I wanted to cover all the important National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary and all the fact about them.
Important point to remember
- India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand.
- Ramganga river flow through Jim Corbett National Park.
- Keibul Lamjao National park in Manipur is only floating park in the world located on Loktak Lake , India.
- Dehing Patkal Nationl Park is established in 2020 in Assam.
- Hemis National Park in Jammu And Kashmir is the largest National park of India.
- South Button Island National park in Andaman and Nicobar Island is the smallest National Park in India.
- Rann Of Kutch in Gujart is largest Wildlife Sanctuary of India.
- Bor Tiger Reserve in Maharashtara is the smallest wildlife Sanctuary in India.
- Project Tiger was Stated in year 1973.
- Project Elephant was Stated in year 1992.
- Project Snow Leopard was Stated in year 2009.
- Highest number of tigers in India are found in Madhya Pradesh.
- Two new Tiger Reserve in Assam as Raimona Tiger reserve and Dibru – Saikhowa Tiger Reserve now total of 52 Tiger Reserve in India
National park and Wildlife Sanctuary
|Andhra Pradesh||1. Sri Venkateswara National Park
2. Rajiv Gandhi National Park
|Arunachal Pradesh||1. Namdapha National Park
2. Mouling National Park
3. Di hang – Dibang Biosphere Reserves
1. Kaziranga National Park
7.Raimona National Park
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||1. Mahatama Gandhi Marine National Park
2. Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
3. North Button Island National Park
4. Middle Button Island National Park
5. South Button Island National Park
6. Saddle Peak National park
|Bihar||1. Gautam Buddha Sanctuary
2. Valmiki National Park
|Chhattisgarh||1. Achanakmar Sanctuary
2. Indravati National Park
3. Kanger Valley National Park
4. Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park
|Goa||1. Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) National park|
|Gujarat||1. Black buck National park
2. Gir Forest National Park
3. Marine National Park
4. Great Runn of Kachchh
5. Vansda National park
6. Wild Ass Sanctuary
|Haryana||1. Sultanpur National Park
2. Kalesar National park
|Himachal Pardesh||1. Great Himalayan National Park
2. Pin Valley National Park
|Jammu and Kashmir||1. Dachigam National Park
2. Hemis National Park
|Jharkhand||1. Betla National Park
2. Hazaribagh National Park
3. Palamu Tiger Reserve
|Karnataka||1. Anshi National Park
2. Bandipur National Park
3. Bannerghatta National Park
4. Kudremukh National Park
5. Tungabhadra Sanctuary
6. Nagarhole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park
7. Ranganthitoo Bird Sanctuary
|Kerala||1. Anamudi Shola National Park
2. Eravikulam National Park
3. Mathikettan Shola National Park
4. Pambadum Shola National Park
5. Parambikulam Tiger Reserve
6. Periyar National Park
7. Silent Valley National Park
|Madhya Pradesh||1. Bandhavgarh National Park
2. Kanha National Park
3. Madhav National Park
4. Panna National Park
5. Pench National Park
6. Sanjay National Park
7. Satpura National Park
8. Van Vihar National Park
9. Ghandi Sagar Sanctuary
10. Panchmarhi Biosphere Reserve
|Maharashtra||1. Chandoli National Park
2. Gugamal National Park
3. Nawegaon National Park
4. Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park
5. Melghat Tiger Reserve
6. Sahyadri Tiger Reserve
7. Bor Tiger Reserve
|Odisha||1. Bhitarkanika National Park
2. Simlipal National park
3. Satkosia Tiger Reserve
|Rajasthan||1. Desert National Park
2. Keoladeo Ghana National Park
3. Mukundra Hills (Darrah) National Park
4. Mt. Abu Wildlife Sanctuary
5. Ranthambhore National Park
6. Sariska National Park
|Sikkim||1. Khangchendozonga National Park|
|Tamilnadu||1. Anamalai Tiger Reserve
2. Guindy National Park
3. Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
4. Indira Gandhi National Park
5. Mudumalai National Park
6. Mukurthi National Park
|Tripura||1. Clouded Leopard National Park
2. Rajbari National Park
|Uttar Pradesh||1. Dudhwa National Park
2. Chandraprabha Sanctuary
3. Pilibhit Tiger Reserve
|Uttarakhand||1. Jim Corbett National Park
2. Gangotri National Park
3. Nanda Devi National Park
4. Rajaji National Park
5. Valley of Flowers National Park
|West Bengal||1. Buxa national Park
2. Gorumara National Park
3. Neora Valley National Park
4. Singalila National Park
5. Sunderban National Park
6. Jaldapara National Park