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Source of Indian Constitution and Its borrowed features.

Source of Constitution of India

The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26th November 1949 and it came into effect on 26th of January 1950. The Indian Constitution is borrowed from almost all the major countries of the world but has its own unique features too. It took 2 year 11 month and 18 day to complete the making of our constitution. It is the largest written constitution of the world. The best things of all the major countries’ constitutions are borrowed and put into the Indian constitution.

The constitution of India was framed by the Constitution Assembly and Rajendra Parsad was appointed as the President of the Constitution Assembly. It was set up under the provision of the Cabinet Mission which came to India on 24 March 1946. Its aim was to help India to frame a constitution by themselves. The Constitution Assembly was set up on 6 December 1946 under the temporary chairman Sachidanada Sinha. And it was drafted by the Drafting Committee under the chairman of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. And It almost took 2 year 11 month and 18 day to complete it. It was completed on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950 on the anniversary of the Purna Swaraj movement of 1930.

source of constitution of India

The main source of the Indian Constitution is the Government of India Act 1935. The Constitution of 1950 was a by-product of the legacy started by the Government of India Act 1935.

Major sources of Constitution:

Source Constitution

Features

Government of India Act of 1935

  • Office of Governor

  •  Judiciary

  • Public Service Commission

  • Emergency provisions and administrative details

British Constitution

  • Parliamentary System

  • Rule of Law

  • Legislative Procedure

  •  Single Citizenship

  •  Cabinet System

  • Prerogative Writs

  • Parliamentary Privileges and Bicameralism

US Constitution

  • Fundamental right

  •  Independence of Judiciary

  • Judicial review

  •  Preamble

  •  Impeachment of President

  • Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges and Post of Vice President

Irish Constitution

  • Directive Principles of State Policy, 

  • Nomination of members of Rajya Sabha member

  • Method  of election of President

Australian Constitution

  • Concurrent list

  • Joint sitting of two houses of parliament

  • Freedom of trade and commerce and intercourse

Canadian Constitution

  • Federation with a strong Center

  • Vesting of residuary power in the center

  • Appointment of State governor by the centre

  • Advisory jurisdiction of Supreme Court

French Constitution

  • Republic and ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity in the Preamble.

South African constitution

  • Procedure for amendment of the constitution. 

  • Election of members of Rajya Sabha.

Constitution of Germany

  • Emergency powers to be enjoyed by the Union

    Suspension of Fundamental Rights during an emergency

Japanese Constitution

  •  Procedure established by Law

Constitution of USSR (Russia)

  • Fundamental duties

  • Ideals of justice (social, economic and political) in Preamble.


Some Question answers related to the source and formation of the Indian Constitution.

Qus: The Ideal of the Constitution originated in?

Ans: USA

Qus: The mother of the constitution is known as which country?

Ans: British Constitution

Qus: The Cradle of Democracy is ?

Ans: Greece

Qus: The longest written constitution in the World is?

Ans: Indian constitution

Qus: The shortest and the oldest written constitution in the world is?

Ans: American Constitution

Qus: When was the constitution of India adopted?

Ans: 26 November 1949

Qus: Who is known as the father of the Indian Constitution?

Ans: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

Qus: Office of the Governor is borrowed from?

Ans: Government of India Act 1935.

Qus: Office of the CAG is taken from which constitution?

Ans: From the Britain’s Constitution.

Qus: The Ideal of Union and State List is taken from the?

Ans: Canada.

Qus: Fundamental rights taken from which country?

Ans: USA.

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